Wheel Loaders

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994K Wheel Loader

Overview
Specifications
Equipment

Product Description

Cat Large Wheel Loaders are designed with durability built in, ensuring maximum availability through multiple life cycles. With optimized performance and simplified serviceability, our machines allow you to move more material efficiently and safely at a lower cost per ton.
Introduced in 1990, the 994 has become the top customer choice in its size class for over 25 years. Focused on helping our customers succeed, we have continued to build upon each new series' legacy of reliability, safety, operator comfort, serviceability and sustainability.
All images included in this Specalog show a U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent configuration. It's important to note that the Tier 4 Final/EU Stage V Equivalent will have some physical differences, including the presence of a DEF tank.

Product Specifications

UnitsUSMetric

 

Engine
Net Power
1739 HP 1297 kW
Engine Model
Cat® 3516E
Bore
6.7 in 170 mm
Stroke
8.5 in 215 mm
Displacement
4766 in³ 78.1 l
Rated Speed
1,600 rpm
Emissions
U.S. EPA Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV* or U.S. EPA Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent
Gross Power - SAE J1995
1870 HP 1394 kW
Peak Torque - 1,200 rpm - SAE J1995
8549 lb/ft 11591 N·m
Gross Power - ISO 14396
1847 HP 1377 kW
Torque Rise
39%
Net Power - SAE J1349 - Standard Ambient
1739 HP 1297 kW
Operating Specifications
Operating Weight
534852 lb 242605 kg
Bucket Capacity Range
19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3)
Rated Payload - High Lift
42 t 38.1 t
Rated Payload - Standard
45 t 40.8 t
Transmission
Transmission Type
Cat Planetary Power Shift
Forward - 1
4.6 mile/h 7.4 km/h
Forward - 2
8 mile/h 12.9 km/h
Forward - 3
13.6 mile/h 21.9 km/h
Reverse - 1
5 mile/h 8.1 km/h
Reverse - 2
8.8 mile/h 14.1 km/h
Reverse - 3
14.9 mile/h 24 km/h
Direct Drive - Forward 3
15.2 mile/h 24.5 km/h
Direct Drive - Reverse 3
16.8 mile/h 27 km/h
Direct Drive - Reverse 1
Lock-up disables
Direct Drive - Forward 2
8.7 mile/h 14 km/h
Direct Drive - Reverse 2
9.6 mile/h 15.5 km/h
Direct Drive - Forward 1
Lock-up disables
Hydraulic System - Lift/Tilt
Relief Valve Setting - Lift/Tilt
4587 psi 32500 kPa
Maximum Flow at 1,700 rpm Engine Speed
541 gal/min 2047 l/min
Cylinders, Double Acting - Tilt, Bore and Stroke
310 × 1086 mm (12.2 × 42.8 in)
Cylinders, Double Acting - Lift, Bore and Stroke
370 × 1713 mm (14.6 × 67.4 in)
Pilot System
Open Loop and Pressure Reducing
Lift/Tilt System - Pump
Variable Displacement Piston
Lift/Tilt System - Circuit
Positive Flow Control
Hydraulic Cycle Times
Raise
12.6 s 12.6 s
Dump
3.1 s 3.1 s
Rack Back
4.9 s 4.9 s
Lower Float Down
4.2 s 4.2 s
Complete System Fill
Hydraulic Tank - Steering and Braking
100 gal (US) 379 l
Transmission
110 gal (US) 416 l
Fuel Tank - Standard
910 gal (US) 3445 l
Hydraulic Tank - Implement and Hydraulic Fan
270 gal (US) 1022 l
Engine Crankcase
76 gal (US) 288 l
Cooling System
138 gal (US) 520 l
Fuel Tank - With 24 hr Attachment
1500 gal (US) 5678 l
Differential - Final Drives - Rear
200 gal (US) 757 l
Differential - Final Drives - Front
220 gal (US) 833 l
Buckets
Bucket Capacities
19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3)
Axles
Front
Fixed
Rear
Trunnion
Oscillation Angle
Brakes
Brakes
ISO 3450:2011
Sound Performance - Standard
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent
72 dB(A) 72 dB(A)
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008)
119 dB(A) 119 dB(A)
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV*
72 dB(A) 72 dB(A)
Hydraulic System - Steering
Maximum Flow at 1,700 rpm Engine Speed
259 gal/min 980 l/min
Relief Valve Setting - Steering
4496 psi 31000 kPa
Steering System - Circuit
Pilot, Load Sensing
Total Steering Angle
80 degrees
Steering System - Pump
Piston, Variable Displacement
Complete System Fill
Oil Renewal System (ORS)*
20 gal (US) 75.7 l
Cooling System
Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - Standard
109.4 °F 43 °C
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Front Axle Centerline to Bucket Tip
21.3 ft 6503 mm
Rack Back Angle - Ground Level
39.7 degrees
Clearance at Maximum Lift
20.2 ft 6167 mm
Ground to Top of ROPS
23.4 ft 7118.5 mm
Maximum Overall Length
64 ft 19508 mm
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Rack Back Angle - Carry
53.7 degrees
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Maximum Overall Height - Bucket Raised
38.6 ft 11771 mm
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Reach - Maximum Lift
8.8 ft 2688 mm
Ground to Lower Hitch Clearance
2.9 ft 898 mm
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Reach - Maximum Lift
9.3 ft 2821 mm
Rack Angle at Maximum Lift
59.5 degrees
Ground to Top of Exhaust Stacks
23.2 ft 7067 mm
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Maximum Overall Length
66 ft 20102 mm
Ground to Bumper Clearance
4.4 ft 1355 mm
Complete System Fill
Diesel Exhaust Fluid (DEF) (Tier 4 Final/Stage IV)
137 gal (US) 519 l
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Rack Back Angle - Ground Level
45.0 degrees
Tread Width
14.1 ft 4300 mm
Cooling System
Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - High (Tier 4 Final)
127.4 °F 53 °C
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Ground to Bumper Clearance
4.4 ft 1355 mm
Dump Angle at Maximum Lift
–50.0 degrees
Sound Performance - Standard
Sound Performance
The measurement was conducted at 70 percent of the maximum engine cooling fan speed. Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in a noisy environment.
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Clearance at Maximum Lift
23.3 ft 7095 mm
Sound Performance - Suppression
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV*
71 dB(A) 71 dB(A)
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Dump Angle at Maximum Lift
–50.0 degrees
Rear Axle - Centerline to Bumper
20.4 ft 6205 mm
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Width - Over Tires - With Bulge
18.8 ft 5758 mm
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Ground to Center of Axles
6 ft 1820 mm
Cooling System
Ambient Capability Hydraulically Driven Demand Fan - High (Tier 1 equivalent)
131 °F 55 °C
Sound Performance - Suppression
Note
*EU Stage V ready.
Hydraulic System - Steering
Steering Cycle Times - Low Idle
7.6 s 7.6 s
Engine
Note (4)
*Tier 4 Final/EU Stage IV configuration is ready to meet Stage V emission requirements once in effect.
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Wheel Base
22.3 ft 6800 mm
Sound Performance - Suppression
Machine Sound Level (ISO 6395:2008)
117 dB(A) 117 dB(A)
Hydraulic System - Steering
Steering Cycle Times - High Idle
4.3 s 4.3 s
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Maximum Overall Height - Bucket Raised
41.2 ft 12545 mm
Ground to Top of Hood
18.6 ft 5682 mm
Width - Over Tires - With Bulge
18.8 ft 5760 mm
Hydraulic Cycle Times
Total Hydraulic Cycle Time - Empty Bucket
23.5 s 23.5 s
Operating Specifications
Bucket Capacity Range - Iron Ore
22.3 yd³ 17.2 m³
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Ground to Center of Axles
6 ft 1820 mm
Operating Specifications
Bucket Capacity Range - Rock
19.1-24.5 m3 (25-32 yd3)
Engine
Net Power - SAE J1349 - High Ambient
1696 HP 1265 kW
Complete System Fill
Note
*Not available on Tier 4 Final machines. Not available in all regions.
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Tread Width
14.1 ft 4300 mm
Note
Assumes 22.9 m3 (30 yd3) bucket for standard lift, and 21.4 m3 (28 yd3) bucket for high lift, fitted with Cat Advansys™ heavy duty tips. Assumes tire size 58/85-57.
B-Pin Height - Maximum Lift
28.8 ft 8790 mm
Rack Back Angle - Carry
47.7 degrees
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
B-Pin Height - Maximum Lift
31.7 ft 9647 mm
Engine
Note (1)
The power ratings apply when tested under the reference conditions for the specified standard.
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Ground to Top of Exhaust Stacks
23.2 ft 7067 mm
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Rear Axle - Centerline to Bumper
20.4 ft 6205 mm
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Front Axle Centerline to Bucket Tip
23.3 ft 7097 mm
Engine
Note (2)
The net power advertised is the power available at the flywheel when the engine is equipped with fan, alternator, air cleaner, and muffler.
Operating Specifications
Bucket Capacity Range - Coal
32.1-43.6 m3 (42-57 yd3)
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Rack Angle at Maximum Lift
59.4 degrees
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Ground to Lower Hitch Clearance
2.9 ft 898 mm
Engine
Note (3)
The gross power advertised is with the fan at maximum speed.
Dimensions - Standard Lift - Approximate
Ground to Top of Hood
18.6 ft 5682 mm
Wheel Base
22.3 ft 6800 mm
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Ground to Top of ROPS
23.4 ft 7118.5 mm
Sound Performance - Standard
Note
*EU Stage V ready.
Sound Performance - Suppression
Sound Performance
The measurement was conducted at 70 percent of the maximum engine cooling fan speed. Hearing protection may be needed when the machine is operated with a cab that is not properly maintained or when the doors or windows are open for extended periods or in a noisy environment.
Dimensions - High Lift - Approximate
Note
Assumes 22.9 m3 (30 yd3) bucket for standard lift, and 21.4 m3 (28 yd3) bucket for high lift, fitted with Cat Advansys™ heavy duty tips. Assumes tire size 58/85-57.
Sound Performance - Suppression
Operator Sound Level (ISO 6396:2008) - Tier 1/EU Stage I Equivalent
71 dB(A) 71 dB(A)
Transmission
Note
Travel speeds based on 58/85-57 tires.
Units:USMetric
Standard Equipment
ELECTRICAL
OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
POWER TRAIN
OTHER
Optional Equipment
POWER TRAIN
ELECTRICAL
OPERATOR ENVIRONMENT
MACHINE CONTROL AND GUIDANCE
SPARE RIMS
MISCELLANEOUS ATTACHMENTS

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